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Bees are mainly reared for their honey. So, starting a farm of Sericulture is highly beneficial as there are very good profits in this industry. Sericulture, the production of raw silk by means of raising caterpillars (larvae), particularly those of the domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori). The silk output of these two countries combined accounts for over 60% of the global production. Silk is the most elegant textile in the world with unparalleled grandeur, natural sheen, and inherent affinity for dyes, high absorbance, light weight, soft touch and high durability and known as the “Queen of Textiles” the world over. Sericulture Nets are easy to clean and can be re-used multiple times for harvesting. The hatched larvae are transferred into this tray via a process known as brushing. The pebrine disease can infect the eggs, resulting in their death before the hatching of the larvae. Prior to this process the cocoons are inserted in hot water where Sericin – the main Silk protein – expands and softens. However, over 900 meters of filament can be obtained from a single cocoon. The faeces is also a good organic manure and can be added to the cattle dung to produce gobar gas. Inside the cocoons, the larvae undergo metamorphosis and turn into pupae. Top colleges/ universities in India for Sericulture. The muscardine infection, caused by fungi, can cause the larvae to become extremely feeble and eventually die. (a) The fruit is aromatic, cooling, laxative, removes thirst and good in the treatment of fevers. Generally, the cocoon is spun in 2-3 days. NetPro's Sericulture Net as widely used in the Sericulture Industries. Campaigns have been formed to protest against the inhumane treatment of silkworms by the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). As they grow, their appetite slowly diminishes until their active stage. Process Moriculture Silkworm Rearing Silk Reeling Challenges Faced in Sericultre. The mulberry plant which is the main stay of silk worm moth has a number of uses. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. Management of Silkworm Rearing. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. It is known that this feed increases the milk yield. Although honey is an important ingredient in many food dishes, beeswax holds a lot of commercial significance too. While the major producers are in Asia (90% of mulberry production and almost 100% of non-mulberry silk), sericulture industries have been lately established in Brazil, Bulgaria, Egypt and Madagascar as well. Here, cuttings that are approximately 22 centimeters in length, containing at least 3 buds, are extracted from the stem of a mature mulberry plant. Any larvae affected by this disease develop dark spots and become lethargic. There is a series of products that are produced in intensive Sericulture: Raw Silk Organic Fertilizers – Compost Biomass Animal Feeds Silk Proteins – Sericin Products obtained. Top shoot harvesting – removal of the mulberry shoot tops. Branch cutting – removal of the entire branch. Content Guidelines They are also prone to many health hazards. Many agricultural implements can also be fashioned out of the stem. First, the pupae inside the cocoon are killed by boiling the cocoon and exposing it to steam and dry heat. Sericulture is an agro-based industry. Sericulture combines agriculture and also the industry. The productive acreage was 555 acres up to 2001-2002 and during the X plan period it increased to 3351 acres. Moriculture – the cultivation of mulberry leaves. Each type of silk has a distinct colour, as tabulated below. These plants can be grown via three different methods: The stem grafting method is the most commonly used method for mulberry plantation. What is Sericulture? Cocoon production increased from 31 MT during 1995-96 to Silkworms are vulnerable to several diseases such as pebrine and flacherie. However, some varieties of silkworm can take up to 4 days to spin their cocoons. Besides that, we also obtain beeswax through beekeeping. Since then, it has been producing products like; mulberry fruit juice to get rid of impurities from the body and to cure heart problems, dried fruit powder -mutagen which can inhibit the mutation of healthy normal cells into cancerous cells, Silkworm’s eggs processed into proteic extract having hepatoproteanic action, silkworm pupal oil having anti-inflammator and anti-tumefying like effects and so on. Besides using the leaves, mulberry bears sweet fruit. Sericulture is an important agro-based, labour intensive and export oriented cottage industry. What are the Challenges Faced in Sericulture? In sericulture, the silkworm rearing process begins with the laying of eggs by the female silk moth. Silk was believed to have first been produced in China as early as the Neolithic Period. Other viral infections such as cytoplasmic polyhedrosis can cause the larvae to lose their appetites. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. For utilization of by-products generated from sericulture, in-depth research towards utility and optimization is the prime need in placing this industry on a sound footing. 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One thread of silk contains approximately 50 silk filaments. Application: Mounting & production of cocoon. Finally, the silk filaments are woven together to form a thread. These eggs (laid on a paper/cardboard sheet) are then disinfected with the help of a 2% formalin solution. To learn more about sericulture and other related concepts, such as the life cycle of the silkworm, register with BYJU’S and download the mobile application on your smartphone. The by-products presently felt as wastes, can put to better use in generating the value-based products and thereby catapult the industry to a more profitable and economically viable spot. 2.  Ericulture is a household activity practiced mainly for protein rich pupae, a delicacy for the tribal. Sericulture is a non traditional activity in Kerala promoted by the Central and State governments. An image detailing the different types of silkworms is provided below. At this stage, the body of the silkworm shrinks and becomes translucent. Sericulture is a very important domestic industry in many countries. Sericulture, or silk farming, is the cultivation of silkworms to produce silk. Bees produce honey from the sugary secretions of plants. Disclaimer

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