Requirements for Basil plant Basil is a plant of hot temperatures, and it can survive in the temperature up to 70 degrees Celsius. Disclosure. The plant... 2. Moisture needs: Well-drained soil. A customized soil mix can be created by mixing one third potting soil with one third organic matter (peat moss, compost or leaf mold) and one third … You have entered an incorrect email address! What are the varieties of basil? Its ancient history, especially with relation to Hinduism, makes it a holy plant not only because of the various mythological stories but also due to its innumerable health benefits. Some varieties are stronger tasting than others, and some are sweeter. Reduce the fertilizer frequency if you see the overfertilization symptoms like browning leaf tips, wilting or yellowing lower leaves, and white crust of accumulated salts on the soil. Sun requirements: Full sun. It does not tolerate harsh cold weather. Napoletano Basil. Thai Basil. Best for: Adding color to … Vishnu Priya Tulsi – Ocimum Sanctum is a Latin term meaning ‘sacred fragrant lipped basil’; native to tropical Asia, this plant is more commonly referred to as Tulsi or ‘the incomparable one’ in Hindi. This basil has a rich stunning colour having the prettiest fuchsia-hued flowers. Dark opal basil: Grow this type of basil to add some colours to your herb pots inside or outside. For now, feel free to continue reading. Sweet basil is a medium green plant with round leaves. In a deep-dug bed, the plants grow about 18 (46 cm) high and as wide. Sometimes the lifespan of the basil plant can be short, so harvest away, basil lovers. Basil , also called great basil, is a culinary herb of the family Lamiaceae (mints). Red Basil and Its Benefits for the Health. Plant in a good quality well-draining soil. The soil of the Basil plant should have a mixture of 70 percent soil and 30 percent sand. Basil plants are one of the most popular herbs to grow and also one of the easiest. Learn how to grow it here. If required, flush the soil. this also includes nettles and mint. Space the plants 6-12 inches apart. Popular in the cuisines of Southeast Asia–Thai basil has a touch of licorice with a strong flavor. This variety of basil strikes has ornamental basil with a plant size 12 – 18 inches tall. Common names for Basil include Saint Joseph’s Wort, King of herbs, Royal herb. Water daily but not so much that the soil becomes soggy. It is among the most popular basil varieties to grow and is used widely in cooking its tender, aromatic foliage. In hot climates, keep it in part sun. Well-draining soil with neutral soil pH is best for it. The leaves are pointed and can be used in garnishes, salads, meat dishes or soups, and tomato dishes. Ideal for a lettuce wrap because the leaves are large, around 3-5 inches in size. Sow the seeds indoors and transplant after the passage of frost or sow directly in the garden when the temperature is warm enough. All of them are edible and perfect for growing in containers. All true basil varieties are considered to be those that are a part of the Ocimum genus.Ocimum Basilicum, or sweet basil, is the most well known species of the basil plant.There are numerous cultural varieties of basil, such as purple basil and cinnamon basil, which are appreciated for their unique colors, smell and taste. thyrsiflora or var. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. However, for the optimum growth, water regularly and use light and well-drained soil. Another type of basil is tulsi, or holy basil (Ocimum santum). The most common type of basil is sweet basil; other types include purple basil (less sweet than common basil), lemon basil (lemon flavor), and Thai basil (licorice flavor). The stems and flower bracts range from pink to a rich, deep purple, with pale purple flowers. There are dozens of types of basil. Popular in the cuisines of Southeast Asia–Thai basil has a touch of licorice with a strong flavor. Water routinely and avoid the soil from drying out completely. Thai basil (O. basilicum var. The noticeable feature of cardinal basil is its striking red flowers and spicy scent. Water moderately to keep the soil evenly moist. Ocimum is the botanical Latin name, covering all the 35 + species and varieties. Exposure to direct sun or fluorescent light is necessary for optimum growth. This is also a sun-loving plant and requires moderate watering. Leaf colors span from rich green to deep purple, with smooth or crinkled leaves… This list of types of basil can’t end without adding this basil variety. Water persistently and mulch around the base so that soil retains moisture. ... Keep picking the leaves to keep the plant producing more. It can be used in salads, noodles, and pasta because of the mild flavor. If there is a variety of basil which stands out among other basil varieties, this is the one. Needs full sun to flourish. 65 to 85 Degrees F is the optimum growing temperature. This small and bushy basil is a great option for any container gardener. All types of basil are very easy to grow, and most do very well in pots or window boxes, or even indoors on a sunny windowsill. Tomatoes need to be pollinated, and the strong scent of basil is pollinator-friendly. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. It still remains true to the traditional … Apart from regular culinary uses, you can steep it in vinegar or oil to add color and aroma to the dishes. Plant species belonging to the family Lamiaceae They stand out for their long history as aromatic and medicinal herbs. 2. However, basil grown indoors can also be given both sun and artificial lighting by alternating so many hours in each. Bored with the similar display of green foliage herbs? The extremely aromatic leaves also have a delightful variety of flavors, from the slightly lemony-mint of sweet basil to cinnamon, and licorice. Read these basil growing tips. This variety of basil features large leaves with a medium green color and an aromatic scent. Here’s How to Protect Your Chickens from Foxes, Growing Tomatillos: The Complete Guide to Plant, Grow, and Harvest Tomatillos, When to Trim Your Bushes and 6 Important Tips to Do It Right, 30 Beautiful Succulent Planter Ideas to Display Their Full Glory. In general, basil doesn’t need … Holy Basil. Ocimum tenuiflorum (synonym Ocimum sanctum), commonly known as holy basil or tulsi, is an aromatic perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae.It is native to the Indian subcontinent and widespread as a cultivated plant throughout the Southeast Asian tropics.. Tulsi is cultivated for religious and traditional medicine purposes, and for its essential oil.It is widely used as a herbal tea, commonly used in … Clay, being natural, is perfect for plants in many ways. Like other basil varieties, it also needs plenty of sunlight to thrive. Grow it in a sunny spot. ... Fertilize your basil plant every 2 weeks with half-strength balanced liquid fertilizer during the growing season. This type of basil is a nice option for those with a lack of space. Mexican spicy basil is another name of this basil. This is another variety of the sweet basil. Download Basil plant stock photos. You can grow a combination of both lemon and lime basils as they make a great pair. Although, it is not as common as lemon basil. Fertilizing. This Basil is more of everything, i.e., it has a darker green shade; the leaves are … Sow the seeds 0.25 inches deep and space them 10 inches apart. Almost all basil varieties are cultivated as culinary herbs. With this type of lighting, basil plants will need about 10 hours of light for healthy growth. Propagate it from cuttings. Beware of frost if you plant this basil outdoors. It can grow up to two feet tall. And How Can You Prevent It? Custom Soil Mix. Don’t overwater the plant. Keep the soil evenly moist in the initial stage when the plant is establishing. This is a compact variety of basil which grows in a bushy form as the name suggests. Basil is likely native to India and is widely grown as a kitchen herb. May 9, 2019 - Explore Grow Herbs Garden's board "Types of Basil", followed by 106 people on Pinterest. During the dry spells keep the plant well-watered. Like the other varieties of basil, it can deliver a wide array of health benefits, which will include the following:. This exotic looking dark purple foliage basil can enhance the beauty of your landscape. The leaves are half the size of Genovese basils, but have a pronounced peppery cinnamon flavor. Ocimum Sanctum can grow upto 75 cms in height. Grow it in a sunny spot and keep it well watered. Ample watering with mulching around the base is what it needs. Mexican Cinnamon Basil is my favorite basil. A light potting mix that contains a high percentage of organic matter is best. Flower production of basil plants should be discouraged. How to Spot and Get Rid of Scale on Your Garden Plants, Why You Should Grow Baby Vegetables, and How to Do It, How to Improve Garden Soil Fertility on the Cheap, Bone Meal Fertilizer: What You Need to Know to Make It Work in Your Garden, How to Spot and Get Rid of Carrot Rust Fly on Your Garden Plants. It can also be used to repel mosquitoes. All types of basil belong to the botanical genus Ocimum. Beware of aphids, flea beetles, Japanese beetles, snails, and slugs. Sweet basil is available in many grocery stores, while other varieties have different tastes and fragrances. Growing around 25 inches tall, shiny leaves and small pinkish-lavender and mauve color flowers make it an excellent choice for flower arrangements. Move outdoors only after the last frost has passed. Also Read: How To Grow Licorice (Mulethi). To encourage branching, pinch terminal shoots. Leaves narrower and more pointed than sweet basil. Originating from the regions of Naples (Itay), its extraordinarily large leaves are used for wrapping poultry, fish or cheese. Thai basil is strong and bold, with a spicy, licorice-like flavor. Basil is a member of the Lamiaceae (Labiatae) family of plants. This type of basil holds up well to high-temperature cooking, so don’t be afraid to add it to your favorite stir-fry recipe. The leaves are used fresh or dried to flavor meats, fish, salads, and sauces; basil tea is a stimulant. The purplish stems and purple-veined leaves make it a showy plant. Holy basil, a natural antioxidant known for its medicinal properties, is also called Tulsi … Vana tulsi (ocimum gratissum) It is woody type perennial, aromatic and sacred species of holy basil … Purple Basil. A striking plant in any edible landscape. May 22, 2019 - Explore Linda Claire's board "Types of basil", followed by 1281 people on Pinterest. Add lemon basil to the ice tea for warm lemon flavor and to it make it an invigorating drink. However, it cannot bear cold weather and die in freezing temperatures. 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The leaves are smaller and pointier, and the plant produces beautiful purple flowers. Why Causes Plant Bolting? Rich, moist and slightly acidic soil is optimum for planting. Foliage is tender light green and plant grows 20-24 inches in height. Work it into pesto, sauces, salads, herbal dishes as well as in drinks and teas. Basil is easy to grow, but it only grows outdoors in the summer—and only once the soil has warmed up nicely—so plan accordingly. Common varieties: sweet basil, purple basil, lemon basil, Thai basil, globe basil, cinnamon basil Basil is a warm-weather herb, which means it tolerates temperature between 80 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit. When talking about the different types of basil, most people are familiar with the sweet basil varieties used in Italian cuisine, but many different types of basil are used in Asian cooking as well. Basil cultivars are cultivated varieties of basil. The leaves splashed with purple and green give this plant an appealing look. To help it flourish you need to pinch it back. While growing basil indoors is an easy endeavor, the vigorous growth of plants may require frequent repotting. Unlike other basils, it tolerates drought and poor soil. Propagating Basil. It bears spikes of large purple flowers, which make it well suited as the border plant. As the name suggests, this basil is bestowed with serrated leaves which are saber-like and ornamental. If you want to use companion planting to reap the most benefits, you need 2-3 basil plants per tomato plant. If that was not enough having it daily in the tea or chai will boost your immune system. It Contains Antioxidants: Red basil is an herb that is known for its high concentration of antioxidants. The ruffled and fringed leaves of this basil are very engaging. These latter two are generally held to be from the Greek name “Basilikon phuton”. Summerlong Basil falls in the Dwarf plant category. Also, the more aromatic and spicy flavor makes it a great ingredient in several Italian dishes and pesto recipes. It generally starts producing leaves within 30 to 60 days of sowing, in 60-90 days it fully matures. Purple basil has a striking dark burgundy color that provides excellent contrast in the … Add it to soups, sauces, fish and meat dishes as its a bit more spicier than a few other sweet basil varieties. With time it loses its aroma, so use it fresh. See more ideas about Types of basil, Basil, Basil plant. If you’re a basil lover, you’ll love to grow these basil varieties. Check out our herb pruning tips to learn more. Avoid using the fertilizer with high nitrogen content. The purplish stems… Basil, annual herb of the mint family, grown for its aromatic leaves. Just like the lemon basil, it is also one of the types of basil that is citrus flavored. Plant Type: Annual herb of the mint family. Of these, the most … The enchanting beauty of this variety and its edible merits make it must-have basil. The large wrinkled leaves of this basil resemble lettuce and are used broadly in salads and fresh dishes due to the mild and less aromatic flavor. The fruity aromatic flavor of this basil is somewhat like wine with a tinge of pine. Beyond this, there are other interesting species to grow in the garden. It’s a mix of Thai and Genovese basil. Also known as Tulsi, it is revered in the Hindu religion for its medicinal and spiritual characteristics. 18 Types of Basil to Grow for Cooking & Medicinal Uses |... 16 DIY Indoor Window Garden Ideas For Urban Gardeners, 10 Indoor Plants that Absorb CO2 at Night, 20 Unique Indoor Plants in Hanging Baskets Ideas, 11 Easiest Indoor Blooming Houseplants to Grow. ... Main types of basil. Stay tuned for the first newsletter in the morning, straight to your inbox. Just a couple of leaves are enough to add a spicy note to the Asian gourmets. Maintain moisture in the soil during the growing season. You can rely on this basil even late in the season as it remains productive. It can tolerate a bit shady spot but still need part sun. In the growing season apply balanced fertilizer once a month. This is easily grown in tropical areas but can also thrive in countries with four seasons but must be in an outdoor garden during summer. Since it’s small in size, the Summerlong basil matures quite fast. Prune it time to time to improve air circulation. Sweet basil is the most well-known and commonly grown basil, but there are a few other very useful and popular varieties. Purple Basil. The Various Favourable and Beautiful Basil Varieties Available 1. There are numerous types of basil and choosing one comes down to what you’re going to use it for and what your taste preference is. Growing only up to 8 inches, it’s a small bushy variety of basil that is native to Southeast Asia. Sand helps the soil to drain the excess water. It’s a flavorful cooking herb and you’ll many lime basil uses on the web. Here are some of the most interesting benefits of Using Clay Pots for Plants... © 2020 Balcony Garden Web | All rights reserved. It’s not as ornamental as other basil varieties but forms beautiful white spikes that are tall and appealing. ‘Anise’): distinct liquorice-like aroma with spicy undertones. Sweet Basil. See more ideas about Types of basil, Basil, Herbs. However, the best known is the common basil (Ocimum basilicum) It is used for culinary and medicinal purposes. This variety is a bit cold tolerant and prefers 6-8 hours of direct sun. Although small, its evenly shaped leaves are still packed with flavor and are perfect for garnishing dishes. Holy Basil is a type of basil but has its unique taste and a whole culture associated with it. The leaves are intensely flavored, which its addition makes the soups and sauces more flavorful. Install support such as stake if the plant gets too heavy. Japanese beetles can skeletonize the whole plant, be on a lookout for them. Purple Basil. Basil (Ocimum basilicum) is a member of the mint family. Ranging from green to purple the herb can attain a height of 12-18 inches. Place the pot nearby a sunny windowsill so that it can enjoy in the direct sun. They are used in a variety of ways: as culinary … The following is a list of types of basil. It looks like celosia but still, you can use it in your kitchen in recipes. With this, it will be effective in fighting damages that can be caused by free radicals. Are The Scary Looking Earwigs a Garden Pest or a Friend? Basil attracts bees and other beneficial insects to the garden. Basil is a warm weather plant the can be successfully grown indoors under the right conditions. This type of basil is probably the most common one as it is used in pesto, salads, and marinades. Because of its spicy flavor and fragrant aroma, it goes well in fruit salads and garnishes. It is closely identified with Italian cooking, although it is originally from India. Add a phosphorus-rich fertilizer in the first week of planting. Genovese Basil. Use fertile soil that is rich in organic matter. Provide plenty of light and water. One of the best short basil varieties named after a sauce made by using basil, garlic, and olive oil known as Pistou sauce. Learn more about basil in this article. Hardiness Zones: 2-11. A light potting medium is suitable for planting. This plant is very susceptible to frost damage so move it indoors at the first sign of frost. Remove dead stems and foliage and debris after the growing season. Here are some of its fantastic health benefits! It grows up to four feet tall and has a fragrant, spicy aroma that wafts in wet wind.