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Realist review--a new method of systematic review designed for complex policy interventions J Health Serv Res Policy. Methods Realist review methodology attempts to understand what works for whom under what circumstances, and is characterized by its focus on strategies/interventions, contexts, mechanisms and their relationship … We aimed to examine articles, books, and reports that evaluated, … While full Realist reviews engage in a much longer exploration of the literature and period of ‘testing’, rapid realist reviews (RRRs) have recently emerged to facilitate a speedier transition from research to policy and practice. Results Five key themes emerged: (1) extending social assets, (2) strengthening key psychological resources, (3) maintaining physical health status, (4) safeguarding quality of life and (5) ensuring timely availability of key external resources. Authors Ray Pawson 1 , Trisha Greenhalgh, Gill Harvey, Kieran Walshe. It is a time-responsive method allowing the generation of findings to inform policy and clinical practice. (2013) and summarised in Figure 1. Rapid reviews are a form of knowledge synthesis in which components of the systematic review process are simplified or omitted to produce information in a timely manner. A rapid realist review of published and grey literature was conducted by a partnership between the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) and the InSource Research Group. This preliminary study lays the groundwork for a pioneering theory on feedback in nursing performance improvement systems that will subsequently inform a multiple case study. Accordingly, we used rapid realist review methodology as described by Saul et al. The time-frame to conduct this review was short; it was the preliminary stage of a realist evaluation which was also time-limited. A rapid realist review is relevant to address an enduring knowledge gap which requires theory development. Rapid realist review of a comprehensive range of databases. 18 This is particularly useful during the initial phases of a multi-phase project where research findings need to be rapidly adapted and iteratively refined to take account of emerging … This rapid realist review provides an overview of literature related to strategies supporting resident research engagement in the clinical workplace. We created a Local Reference Group (LRG) comprising psychiatry, occupational therapy and former nurse Although numerous centers are conducting rapid reviews internationally, few studies have examined the methodological characteristics of rapid reviews. Compared to a ‘traditional’ realist approach, a rapid realist review is less concerned with theory development and more focussed on explanations . Informed by workplace learning theory, it identifies key curriculum, pedagogic, and personal epistemological practice mechanisms contributing to or constraining resident research engagement. This realist review method incorporated the following steps: (1) clarifying the scope, (2) searching for relevant evidence, (3) relevance confirmation, data extraction, and quality assessment, (4) data analysis and synthesis. This Rapid Realist Review (RRR) is the first work package in a national programme of research: a Realist Evaluation of Autism ServiCe Delivery (RE-ASCeD). 2005 Jul;10 Suppl 1:21-34. doi: 10.1258/1355819054308530. The RRR is consistent with Realist And Meta-narrative Evidence Syntheses: Evolving Standards (RAMESES) and includes identifying the research question, searching for information, quality appraisal, data extraction, synthesising the evidence, validation of findings with experts and dissemination.

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