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As soon as you have gathered and analysed your data, you can start to write up the findings chapter of your dissertation paper, which is your chance to report the most notable findings of your research work and relate them to research hypothesis or research questions as set out in the introduction chapter of dissertation. What are the key concepts you have used in this study? In most of the cases studied , reducing fat intake lowered the risk of heart disease. Thanks for letting us know that this page . Use our assignment structures and samples to find out how your peers approach their work, and what lecturers expect of you. DO: Provide context and explain why people should care. Do your results agree with previous research? Day, R. A. One of the biggest errors students make in their discussion is exaggeration, say experts. Doing Qualitative Research: A Practical Handbook (2nd ed.). Swales, J. M., & Feak, C. B. DO: Look toward the future. This can be done through the introductions to carefully-structured sections and subsections. In longer pieces of work, these chapters are usually separate. The way you present the analysis and interpretation of your data sits within a wider thesis framework, which can itself be thought of as a story (adapted from Silverman, 2005, p. 242-43): The challenge for every thesis writer is to hold the detail of the data in focus without losing sight of the big picture of the research. Sage Publications. How do your 'findings' shed light on these concepts and, through them, on the substantive topics you studied? It is what all of your hard-work of writing the hypothesis, collecting and designing the data, conducting the statistical analysis of graphs and preparing the summary sums up to. 2. How to write chapter 4 Research findings Chapter 4 for Qualitative Research carries different titles such as ‘Analysis of Data’, ‘Results of Study’, ‘Analysis and Results’ and so forth. Steven David, PhD, who successfully defended his dissertation in clinical geropsychology at the University of Southern California last May, found this point to be particularly difficult. This is why reporting data analysis is not enough; you need to: in order to make clear your contribution to knowledge in the field. Now read over what you've written. In this section, your findings should be the focus, rather than those of other researchers. (2004). If so, what do they add to it? "This makes me think 'Then why should I care or believe anything you found,' and want to stop reading right there," she says. Our resources will help you with everything from reading to note-taking, and time management to exams. In this Chapter, all the experimental results from the phenomenological experiments outlined in Section 5.2 are presented and examined in detail. First, the ability to identify changes in her program suggests to me that she has deeper pedagogical knowledge gained through critical reflection on her practice, and second, there is congruence between her expressed beliefs and the practice she describes. COVID-19 resources for psychologists, health-care workers and the public. The discussion section therefore needs to review your findings in the context of the literature and the existing knowledge about the subject. (2015) Writing the discussion section: Describing the significance of the study findings, Journal of the Association of Physicians of India, 63, 11, pp. If so, what do they add to it? Headings and subheadings, as well as directions to the reader, are forms of signposting you can use to make these chapters easy to navigate. How will you decide which aspects of your findings are the most interesting and important? Failing to differentiate between strong and weak results as you make conclusions about them. Example from a Doctor of Education thesis: In analysing the interview data, two themes emerged which will be discussed in this section. Therefore, you should only use the studies mentioned in the … The presentation of results from experimental studies will be different again. Whatever the case, there should be two sections if they are in the same chapter; one for the findings […] University assignments are a big challenge, but we can guide you. In the discussion section, you can provide interpretations based on your observations. Melbourne University Press. The key words are ‘analysis’ and ‘results’ which implies that you … https://wordvice.com/research-writing-tips-editing-manuscript- How do you find the balance? Last updated: Nov 2020. Then, launch into "bigger picture" issues. In shorter dissertations, it might make sense to have both of these comprise one section. More detail can be provided in an appendix. How to Write a Better Thesis (2nd ed.). 3. Information for Indigenous Australians. In practice, a combination of these methods is often used: Evans, D., & Gruba, P. (2002). If so, why might this be? Thesis Writing: 9 Tips on How to Write the Results and Discussion Regoniel, Patrick May 25, 2015 Education , Research 3 Comments Writing the results and discussion section could be one of the difficulties that you encounter when writing your first research manuscript. This section should be written in the present tense. It probably won’t produce text you can use in your thesis, but it might help to clarify your ideas and show you ways to structure your argument. The purpose of the results section of the thesis is to report the findings of your research. "No reader wants to wade through ten pages of suppositional reasoning," says Roddy Roediger, PhD, chair of psychology at Washington University. Reducing fat intake contributes to lowering the risk of heart disease. First, the ability to identify changes in her program suggests to me that she has deeper pedagogical knowledge gained through critical reflection on her practice, and second, there is congruence between her expressed beliefs and the practice she describes. Point out the agreements and disagreements between your data and that of others. In other words, you tell your readers the story that has emerged from your findings. Therefore it is important for you to investigate the conventions of your own discipline, by looking at journal articles and theses. Follow these do's and don'ts. How I do it now is that I have a lot of different things happening at once. "You can't and shouldn't rely on others to intuitively appreciate the beauty and importance of your work," he says. For each of these graduates, their work with children was clearly the area of their professional lives that was bringing the most satisfaction, although there were some challenges identified. Tell us how the findings are important or relevant based on the aim and scope of your study. While the amount of discussion required in a thesis may vary according to discipline, all  disciplines expect some interpretation of the findings that makes these connections. Another technique you can use to unlock your unconscious thought processes is freewriting. That is, in your thesis you need to make points that are: These points must fit into a framework that makes a coherent story of your findings. You will definitely find it helpful. Sometimes the findings or results section of a dissertation comes in the same chapter as the main discussion. develops the questions by discussing them. You don't have to show what you write to anyone. the research methods and theoretical framework that have been outlined earlier in the thesis. Writing a Conclusion Section. The discussion of findings is often considered one of the most important part of thesis project/research work in the sense that, this is where the researcher of a project topic presents the underlying findings of his research. Try to make your sections and subsections reflect the themes that have emerged from your analysis of the data, and to make sure your reader knows how these themes evolved. As well as giving your own interpretations, make sure to relate your results back to the scholarly work that you surveyed in the literature review. 4. "I think that too many discussions make the mistake of ending with 'the future,'" he says. Restating the results without interpretation or links to other research. David Evans and Paul Gruba (2002, p.112) remind us that our minds continue to work on problems when we aren't thinking about them consciously. Core of the results will be discussed in this section, you want readers remember... 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