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I took a bunch of wild amaranth from a neighbor’s yard that was fixing to be mowed, is it safe to eat the seeds while they’re still green? While, I find the grain variety to start off with lesser leaves and then growing more bigger leaves as the plant matures. I have seen it growing up to 3 meters high on floating weed islands in canals in the north of Paramaribo . My nemesis: Spiny Amaranth I've been brought low this past week as I've learned more about this plant. Anyone? The plant’s use declined and was forgotten except in remote villages where it was still raised for food. Amaranth today is enjoyed many ways. Many parts of the plants, including the leaves and seeds, are edible, and are frequently used as a source of food in India and South America – where it is the most important Andean species of Amaranthus, known as kiwicha. Steaming the seed spikes is fine, But the seeds usually have not developed yet. Thanks! If you have done some research on Amaranthus blitoides and are willing to email me about your findings I’d love to hear from you! 6 Health Benefits of Amaranthus Spinosus - The Healthiest vegetables. But I have also noted that the bugs go straight for it and leave my beans alone. We are in the Chicago area. Spiny amaranth or spiny pigweed,broadleaves weed. Feral versions are green, sometimes with red stems, spindly and usually no more than two feet, rarely three. Amaranth seed is high in protein, some 16%, contains lysine and methionine, two essential amino acids that are not often found in grain,  and is high in fiber, three times that of wheat. spiny amaranth. The seeds are extremely nutritious and protein-packed with a … The leaves have vitamins A and C, iron, fiber, calcium, and manganese. Then I read on a chicken forum that it is poisonous to chickens. Thanks for your web site. But that was a long time ago! It got to be a semi-ritual for him to “offer up” the free food that crowded out his beloved tomatoes, peppers, and other cherished crops, that I was more than happy to help him with! While we have not eliminated spiny amaranth, we have well established populations now of a couple of edible species which come up spontaneously in our field, in some cases nudging out the spiny amaranth. Green Deane, I am such a glutton for info on weeds and you keep ever giving, with ever good humour. I’ve already sorted out many wonders I’ve long had about several plants, and I only discovered your site last night. The farmers and poor people used to eat in soups and stews mixed with quinua, potatoes, chiles (aji ) and meats. Also if you avoid spinach for health reasons you should avoid amaranth. It is very healthy also. Hi John what part of Florida are you in? amaranth: Any of various annual plants of the genus Amaranthus having dense green or reddish clusters of tiny flowers and including weeds, ornamentals, and species cultivated for their edible … Maybe I will try to harvest it and eat it. They are absolutely devouring the wild amaranth but leaving the cucumbers alone! Along with the sod came a big amaranth that I took home and transplanted just to see what it would be. It also has calcium, iron, potassium, phosphorus, vitamins A, C and E. Spiny amaranth has edible leaves and might be a medicine and sex aid. Protein analysis reveals differential accumulation of late embryogenesis abundant and storage proteins in seeds of wild and cultivated amaranth species Seed germination in relation to the invasiveness in spiny amaranth and edible amaranth in Xishuangbanna, SW China Once when visiting I learned of his plight, and happily joined him in “weeding” his garden for the free takings! They would mix amaranth flour and human blood then shaped the dough into idols that were eaten in their well-known sacrificial ceremonies. What bugs you might get is free protein. Amaranthus caudatus known by common names as love-lies-bleeding, pendant amaranth, tassel flower, velvet flower, foxtail amaranth, and quilete.. license cc-by-nc-sa-3.0 copyright Bibliotheca Alexandrina. Reminds me of Durban days. Then winnow because you’ll get some seed heads and flower debris. spiny pigweeds emerge to provide pre-emergence control. They’re probably closer to flowers than actual seeds at this point. They have received plenty of water and sunshine. My free-ranging chickens and ducks had no problem with the copious amounts of spiny amaranth (pigweed) they consumed. A book could be written about amaranth, and probably has, if not several. Leave the older, larger leaves to collect energy for the plant. Chill for an hour or more to allow flavors to blend. Plants produce on average 50,000 seeds each. If harvested in fertilized area or in drought the amaranth can be high in nitrogen. Will not grow in shade. Still… nothing. Let me know if you need them and I can put them in the mail. Slender amaranth Green amaranth. Pigweed has a mild flavour and is often mixed with stronger flavoured leaves. Human sacrifices were extremely common among equatorial jungle people around the world. My friend Andy Firk down in Arcadia, Florida, reports he eats all the time with no problems. I have bought Amaranth in bulk online for eating never thinking it would grow in Florida as I read it natively grows in Chile or in mountainous regions with much cooler temperatures than Florida. I think I might try them in a salad. Found throughout most of of the Americas. Search the archive for it. The providers of this website accept no liability for the use or misuse of information contained in this website. Herbalists say a decoction of Amaranth has been used for inflammation of the gums and as a wash for external wounds. i am always trying new things with amaranth hoping to find a new delicious discovery. Spiny amaranth, sometimes called spiny pigweed, is a troublesome weed of vegetables, row crops, and pasture in warm climates. Wash and dry lettuce leaves and use them to line a salad bowl. eat the dried seeds raw or roasted. Habitat. Amaranthus spinosus leaves and young plants are collected for home consumption as a cooked, steamed or fried vegetable, especially during periods of drought. The stem also had course hairs on it. Oddly it is the only amaranth I have run into that I can’t find an ethnobotanical reference to. Its growth is concentrated near where the hay was stored or fed. We are fortunate to have access to a resource like eattheweeds.com, eh?! Amaranth is actually not a true cereal grain but a seed of an annual plant which related to spinach. As for cooking the leaves, I use them like mustard greens, boiling them for 10 minutes or so and then season with salt, pepper, and butter, or with some olive oil and vinegar. I have a huge article on exactly that. Its leave are nutritionally on par with spinach, which is a relative. Now I know it is Marog. Amaranth species that Species belonging to the genus Amaranthus have been cultivated for their grains for 8,000 years. I always have some in my garden every year though I have not intentionally planted it for more than seven years. Spiny amaranth has edible leaves and might be a medicine and sex aid. Herb. i was surprised to find it labeled a pest/weed in some places, Green Deane, Thanks for your teachings. Introduction. Where can I get the seeds from a variety that is best of leafy greens? Pray more? I do not think it is blood – am hoping that it may be a color from the plant. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Amaranthus albus is a ANNUAL growing to 0.7 m (2ft 4in). Deane, are you sure amaranth has a significant saponin content? I grew up in South Africa where the natives would cook the Amaranth leaves as a spinach. This summer annual species is often observed in pastures, particularly in bareground areas (near feeding pens and water troughs). Time revealed it to be Amaranthus australis, also called Hemp Amaranth and Southern Amaranth. Seeds eaten raw or ground into flour. Leaves are occasionally found for sale on markets. When he finally got brave enough to sample them, as I recall, I didn’t get that call as often! I live in Sacramento, CA. Copyright 2007-2018 – This web page is the property of Green Deane, LLC. The leaves and seeds of all three are edible. washed it thoroughly, a number of times, then sauteed half an onion (sliced), about a few cloves of garlic, just cut in half, 1 roma tomato, few dried chillies, salt to taste, and cook until all the water has evaporated, slight drizzle of olive oil, and Wallla! It reseeds itself, and if it sprouts where it’s convenient for me, I let it grow. There is something so primal and satisfying about being able to provide for yourself from nature…not to mention economical when you are scraping by! Both spiny and edible amaranths (Amaranthus spinosus and A. tricolor) are exotic annuals in China that produce numerous small seeds every year. The red stemmed pigweed has a black seed that when ground into flour makes a purple flour. Try looking for chenopodium album. Thanks for any help. But do know that if amaranth is fertilized heavily or grows in drought conditions it can hold a lot of nitrates. Some i mportant pigweed species include; spiny amaranth (A. spinosus), redroot pigweed (A. retroflexus), livid amaranth (A. lividus, A. blitum), smooth pigweed (A. hybridus) and waterhemp (A. rudis). Foraging should never begin without the guidance and approval of a local plant specialist. dear thank you amaranth is interesting to feed local and scientifically also produced as supplementary food ,medicine packed food to make eaten measly but generation not adapted it to feed in my area the local people adapted this food. very cool! Also internally as a treatment for diarrhea and dysentery. In Mexico and India the seeds are popped and mixed with sugar to make a confection. Everithing that God created is good. METHOD OF PREPARATION: Tender young leaves raw in salads, or cooked like spinach. However, with the latter, the Spiny Amaranth, you have to fight the spines for them. Management In Mexico they are roasted for the traditional drink “atole.” Peruvians use the grain to make a beer. Hi Green Deane, If you are going to eat amaranth seeds soak them over night in water to reduce their saponin content. Amaranth is actually a wide variety of plant species, some with edible … (a) Seeds of tumble pigweed. Needless to say, I chose not to cook and eat it. in Spanish is bledo. Spiny amaranth, sometimes called spiny pigweed, is a troublesome weed of vegetables, row crops, and pasture in warm climates. It also has calcium, iron, potassium, phosphorus, vitamins A, C and E. Spiny amaranth has edible leaves and might be a medicine and sex aid. Amaranth is a herbaceous plant or shrub that is either annual or perennial across the genus. their part of the world they like Amaranth green leaves. hi I have kids with bone marrow failure. Amaranthus spinosus, commonly known as the spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed, prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth, is a plant is native to the tropical Americas, but is present on most continents as an introduced species and sometimes a noxious weed.It can be a serious weed of rice cultivation in Asia. Green Deane, This years gardening season is on it’s way out. And Harold L. Smith Newmark, say that the protective or anticarcinogenic effect that is associated with all polyunsaturated oils could be attributed to the increased amount of squalene faced to other saturated fats, a premise supported by other experimental studies in animals. I tried harvesting one plant, and had more bugs in my bowl than grain! It becomes pretty unpalatable after it gets older. But, the Spiny Amaranth has a very positive side. In general, it is very common in roadsides, waste places, railway yards, cropped land and gardens, up to 1400 m altitude. The seeds will come loose. Madonna. It’s absence from ethnobotanical records and foraging books is a mystery to me. Enjoy! The stalk had become a ‘trunk’ which I had to cut down with a handsaw! The leaves are edible and nutritious. Do you know anything about this? I am in Outback Queensland Australia. Allow to cool. Fertilize? Moving to the States I noticed these plants in my yard looking like Marog but was too scared to try it. Simmer amaranth in an equal volume of water for 12-15 minutes. Please advise. Amaranth: Grain, Vegetable, Icon by DEANE. TIME OF YEAR: Spring in to summer for the leaves, summer or fall for seeds, depending upon the climate. In total I frequently see seven, because I cultivate two additional species. How easy is it to harvest the seeds without all the chaff or whatever you call the frass etc.? Put the amaranth “tabouli” on the lettuce and garnish with olives. Sending a pic next. At three inches or less, we harvest the whole plants while weeding or thinning, hold them in a bunch, and snip the roots off. Foraging should never begin without the guidance and approval of a local plant specialist. And, I have tons of little starts growing around the larger plants. I have read there are no poisonous amaranths but it is curious that such a large and obvious plant has left not usage trail. Several months ago, I purchased and transplanted some small organic amaranth plants (Opopeo). Thanks! While watching one of your videos on lamb’s quarters last night, you happened to come across the weed in question, which is curly dock! In addition, it has extremely high nutritional value, and can be fried, cooked or steamed. Amaranthus spinosus plants is used as a tenderizer in cooking tough vegetables such as cowpea leaves and pigeon peas. I hear that leftovers should not be cooked again. It’s usually only found in wetlands, sometimes in standing water. the majority of people here don’t know and have never seen the latter species: one has no easy access to it. Discoloured. If you could email me I would like more info as this is a nutritious staple I would like to grow and add to my regular diet. Now that I know these “weeds” are edible, instead of pulling them all up to let the other stuff grow, I’m just letting them do their own thing! Spanish conquistadors, who saw no religious parallel with their own communion beliefs, thought eliminating amaranth would stop the sacrifices. We have tried to keep it away, with no luck. Got some info about side effects to pregnant and breastfeeding women. Once the first couple true leaves are up, you can tell whether its a desirable species or the spiny weed - and weed accordingly. We usually leave a space for the amaranth and lambs quarters that reseed prolifically in our gardens and appreciate them as well as the domesticated greens that were planted on purpose. A leafy, many-branched plant, often with reddish stems, and pairs of sharp spines at the stem nodes. In Mexico and India the seeds are popped and mixed with sugar to make a confection. Happy plants will get to around seven feet, just short of the height of our happy grain amaranths (about 8 feet at the tip of the inflorescence). Even though I never had any chickens die from it, I am nervous about giving it to them now. It isn't as common as its relative A. hybridus here in the Midwest. The seed is very small but easy to harvest and very nutritious. Hi Patsy, we also have that growing wild here in Auzzie, but guess what, i picked quite a bit, removed all the leaves ( took approx 1 hour, whew! ) ( called “love lies bleeding” ) I wonder if it’s too late to eat the leaves. in Alcohol, Edible Raw, Flour/Starch, Grain/Nuts/Seeds, Greens/Pot Herb, Medicinal, Miscellaneous, plants, Protein Plant source, Recipes, Salad, Soap/Saponins. There are some 60 amaranth species, maybe 70 (it depends on who’s counting.) Hello, So I’ve been in love with this plant since I first ate it. I live in S Fl now but come from CT. We lived in the city and still always had a small garden, but my brother lived in the country and his soil was ideal, and everything in his garden grew like weeds…including of course the weeds! I thought it was oxalates, but per your article it must be the nitrates which are of concern for ranchers grazing livestock on it. In the south a problem has been causing problems in soy and cotton fields known as glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri). It really does matter. Learn how your comment data is processed. I have amaranth in my small yard and my husband and I are enjoying spreding the word about its uses and properties. Plants produce on average 50,000 seeds each. . It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Wash and dry lettuce leaves and use them to line a salad bowl. The providers of this website accept no liability for the use or misuse of information contained in this website. The botanical genus name, Amaranthus , (am-a-RANTH-us) comes from the Greek word “amarandos, (Αμάραντος) which means non-fading, since its flowers last a long time. In marshy areas it grows up to 4 meters high with a very thick stem. Modern Greeks call it Vlita (VLEE-tah.) There are no poisonous amaranths. As for cooking the leaves, I use them like mustard greens, boiling them for 10 minutes or so and then season with salt, pepper, and butter, or with some olive oil and vinegar. Amaranthus spinosus (pigweed species; spiny amaranth; spiny amaranthus), Allergen Potential: Medium-High, Flower Type: Monoecious, Hazards: No members of this genus are known to be poisonous, but when grown on nitrogen-rich soils they are known to concentrate nitrates in the leaves. You have a nice style as you dispense information. And I practice mowing when the plants are flowering, thus reducing their ability to develop seed or re-grow before the end of the season. Allow to cool. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. Also internally as a treatment for diarrhea and dysentery. Edwards et al., reported that 2,4-D applied in June provided 80 percent control. It’s a little hard to harvest “green” amaranth seeds. This summer we have discovered another good use for this weed in our garden. thank you so much. A short-lived herbaceous plant growing up to 1 m tall. Leaves are approximately 6.5–15 centimetres (2 ⁄2–6 inches) and of oval or elliptical shape that are either opposite or alternate across s… A single plant can produce 100,000 seeds! Publication: PLoS ONE. Thank you for your clarity & your sense of humor. I will come back to your site for further study on edibles. My friend Andy Firk down in Arcadia, Florida, reports he eats all the time with no problems. OUCH! Also if you avoid spinach for health reasons you should avoid amaranth. Amaranth seeds have a protein content of about 16 percent, more than other widely consumed cereals like conventional wheat, rice or maize, according to a book on the topic by the US National Research Council. Edible amaranth is often grown for the plentiful tiny seeds that hang in tassels from the top of the plant after the attractive red flowers fade. http://www.5-am.de/5am-amaranth-infographic/. The seeds will come loose. I was going to wilt them in a skillet then add to a quinoa salad with beets. We have Amaranthus australis in the entire coastal area of Suriname. I’m going to collect some seeds when my stuff is ready this year. Spiny amaranth, or spiny pigweed, (‎Amaranthus spinosus) is an annual pigweed species that’s critical to control as it has been linked to nitrate toxicity in livestock. Edible, if you so desire The good news is that spiny pigweed is not poisonous to humans (though it is toxic to many animals) & can be safely consumed. There are some 60 amaranth species, maybe 70 (it depends on who’s counting.) But, search as I may I’ve not come up with much about it. Prowl H2O® will not control emerged spiny pigweed. I have fed it to my chickens too. I am not very good at botany or plant identification (sadly), but I hope it’s something my kids pick up. Another is A. hybridus. As seed germination is one of the most important life-stages contributing … Use the greens in soups, stir fries, or salads. Amaranth Recipe Ideas. ??? We have found this to be true too, about Amaranth attracting cucumber beetles. Although the Hopi red dye does make a beautiful red color when the leaves are seeped ( like sun tea ) the color doesn’t hold up to high heat in baking . Note that some species of amaranth leaves, particularly purple amaranth… They receive sun from 11 am – 7 pm. In the Andes of Peru was the first time ( more than 30 year ago )I notice that this plant was eateable. ©S.D. I posted on our acorn thread but amaranth, love lies bleeding, seed is easy to winnow. Put the amaranth “tabouli” on the lettuce and garnish with olives. Thank you. That should make the spiny amaranth disappear as a road side weed. in here], Lambs Quarters is in there. thanks for all the great amaranth information. like spinich, they say thay nitrates that were “locked up” can be released in excess. I believe my wild amaranth/pigweed came in on round hay bales I bought for my horses. Actually, I did grow it in a rooftop garden 20 plus yrs. Have you ever noticed amaranth seeds turning stool a red color? ... / Slender amaranth Amaranthus viridis is a weed that grows on the roadside and leaves are edible. In many countries the leaves are used boiled or fried. hope you like it! This first comment is about the heights discussed, particularly about the grain types being much taller than the vegetable types. Thanks! How Spiny Amaranth is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Pigweed, any of several weedy annual plants of the amaranth family (Amaranthaceae).Several pigweed species belong to the genus Amaranthus and are distributed nearly worldwide. Photo credit: Mark Schonbeck, Virginia Association for Biological Farming. I’ve eaten australis as have many of my friends. It’s not even mentioned in the 70 year index of the Journal of Economic Botany. It is very nutritious and has one of the highest concentrations of useable calcium. A. australis can grow much taller than the grain types, but its seeds are about the smallest I’ve ever seen. I use it to make brownies but when used as a replacement for wheat flour in making gravy you get a nice blue colored gravy. Morning sun, afternoon sun???? Once they found purchase, they grew happily, which made him crazy! Oddly it is the only amaranth I have run into that I can’t find an ethnobotanical reference to. In Mexico they are roasted for the traditional drink “atole.” Peruvians use the grain to make a beer. I don’t know whether it becomes bitter or tough or the livestock can taste some toxins in it. Human sacrifices were extremely common among equatorial jungle people around the world. I think it is called pigweed because pigs love it. I can’t remember where I recently published a comment on your site asking about a weed that reminded me of amaranth, but was obviously not. When pulling weeds I though I had found Amaranth except the leaves were serrated and not as round. if any any partners needs to product with me i have readiness well com, My chickens love the amaranth that grows here in The Dalles, OR, i was curious if you every tried to make flour from the seeds and if so what variety, have been making flour from other grains and have not found a lot of sources for armanath. Photograph courtesy Roque Reyes. They reseeded themselves and they are currently 3-4 feet tall and growing. Herbalists say a decoction of Amaranth has been used for inflammation of the gums and as a wash for external wounds. I thought it might have come from the bird seed as I have two feeders, but then I realized it was only growing in an area where I had incorporated a bag of Moonure. It is high in protein, beta carotene, potassium, calcium and iron.

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